The Coordinates of Post-colonialism
There was an idealist paradigm for international relations. It was based on co-existence. However, it resisted until World War II.
After World War II, this paradigm was switched with the new realist period. According to Morgenthau, the parameter of international relations turns into ‘power’.
Another issue, capitalism does not influence only the ideology of economy and politic anymore. It comprises each part of life in the new world. Therefore, especially after World War II capitalism developed into dominance and comprehensive factor.
The monetary policy and neo-liberal approaches supported liberalism in the last quarter of 20th century. Furthermore, the separation of USSR promotes that new idea. At that time, Francis Fukuyama declared ‘The End of History’.
The multi-national companies apply pressure on to the world. The reason is that they would like to remove independence approaches, projects of social states and the thoughts which opposed to the West. Gramsci's concept of hegemony strengthened this point. According to him, it would not be hegemony if the social class dominated using economy. There must be political funds involved. As a result, economic fund is produced by multi-national companies. In addition to this, new ideologies produce political and cultural fund. Thus, international relations turn into the concept of social inequality.
I conclusion, post-colonialism occurred under such conditions. Post-colonialism involves actions and arguments which start with World War II and last until now. This new aspect is a revolt against unequal national relations and ideological indoctrination. Post-colonial coordinates have an aim to protest all the unequal sanctions which emanate from the West. Moreover, post-colonialism advocates a humanity against forceful, ideological and cultural impositions.
Prof. Dr. Mithat Baydur